What is ECTS
What is ECTS?
The European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System is a student-centred system based on the student workload required to achieve the objectives of a programme, objectives preferably specified in terms of the learning outcomes and competences to be acquired.
How did ECTS Develop?
ECTS was introduced in 1989, within the framework of Erasmus, now part of the Socrates programme. ECTS is the only credit system which has been successfully tested and used across Europe. ECTS was set up initially for credit transfer. The system facilitated the recognition of periods of study abroad and thus enhanced the quality and volume of student mobility in Europe. Recently ECTS is developing into an accumulation system to be implemented at institutional, regional, national and European level. This is one of the key objectives of the Bologna Declaration of June 1999.
What are the Key Features of ECTS?
• ECTS is based on the principle that 60 credits measure the workload of a full-time student during one academic year. The student workload of a full-time study programme in Europe amounts in most cases to around 1500-1800 hours per year and in those cases one credit stands for around 30 working hours.
• Credits in ECTS can only be obtained after successful completion of the work required and appropriate assessment of the learning outcomes achieved. Learning outcomes are sets of competences, expressing what the student will know, understand or be able to do after completion of a process of learning, long or short.
• Student workload in ECTS consists of the time required to complete all planned learning activities such as attending lectures, seminars, independent and private study, preparation of projects and examinations.
• Credits are allocated to all educational components of a study programme (such as modules, courses, placements, dissertation work, etc.) and reflect the quantity of work each component requires to achieve its specific objectives or learning outcomes in relation to the total quantity of work necessary to complete a full year of study successfully.
• The performance of the student is documented by a local/national grade. It is good practice to add an ECTS grade, in particular in case of credit transfer. The ECTS grading scale ranks the students on a statistical basis. Therefore, statistical data on student performance is a prerequisite for applying the ECTS grading system. Grades are assigned for Samsun University students as follows:
|4.00||AA||EXCELLENT – Outstanding performance with only minor errors||90-100|
|3.50||BA||VERY GOOD – Above the average standart but with some errors||85-89|
|3.00||BB||GOOD – Generally sound work with a number of notable errors||80-84|
|2.00||CC||SATISFACTORY – Fair but with significant shortcomings||70-74|
|1.50||DC||CONDITIONAL – Some more work required before the credit can be awarded||60-69|
|0.00||FF||FAIL, considerable further work is required||0-49|
|0.00||FG||DID NOT SIT FOR EXAMS/FAIL|
|KM||EXEMPTION FROM CANCELLED COURSES|
|GB||SUCCESSFUL FOR NON-CREDIT COURSES|
|GZ||FAIL FOR NON-CREDIT COURSES|